The National Day of Mongolia is on the 11 July (Naadam Holiday, declaration of independence from China 1921; however, Naadam is also celebrated in China by both Han Chinese and Mongols without political attachments). The Naadam Festival which is a traditional holiday celebrated every year between 11th July to 15th July. It is the biggest and most important festival in Mongolia.
National Day of Mongolia
The Qing Dynasty was in decline at the time. This allowed Mongolia to become more autonomous. Then in 1911, the Xinhai Revolution in China led to the fall of the Qing Dynasty, and Mongolia declared its independence. This did not last long as it soon fell under the Russian influence. So in 1921, a revolution led by the Mongolian People’s Party and supported by Soviet Russia resulted in the establishment of the Mongolian People’s Republic. In 1990, a peaceful democratic revolution led to the adoption of a new constitution, which established Mongolia as a parliamentary republic. You can also see the National Day of Myanmar as well as the National Day of Nepal.
As you know the Naadam Festival is a celebration of the three traditional sports of Mongolia: horse racing, wrestling, and archery. now these three sports are considered to be the “three games of men” and are a symbol of Mongolian courage, strength, and skill. During the festival, there are competitions and performances of these sports in various locations throughout the country.
In addition to the sports events, Naadam Festival also includes cultural activities such as music, dance, and traditional Mongolian cuisine. The festival is a time for people to come together and celebrate their national pride and identity.
Mongolian Public Holidays
Here is a list of the most important public holidays in Mongolia:
- New Year’s Day (January 1st)
- Lunar New Year’s Day (varies each year, usually in late January or early February)
- International Women’s Day (March 8th)
- Mongolian People’s Revolution Day (March 13th)
- International Labor Day (May 1st)
- Victory Day (May 9th)
- Naadam Festival (July 11th to 15th)
- Independence Day (November 26th)
- National Tree Planting Day (second Saturday of May)
Independence Day is another public holiday in Mongolia, which marks the country’s independence from China in 1921.