National Day of China

national dayThe National Day of China is on the 1st October. This was the Proclamation of People’s Republic of China 1949. These are the latest stats for China from the World Bank with regards to the Chinese economy and stats for their economy. This is a basic overview of the statistics for China and is updated each year by the World Bank.

National Day of China

The National Day of China is celebrated annually on the 1st October. This is to commemorate the founding of the People’s Republic of China on 1st October 1949. The process leading to China’s independence was a complex. Chinese history and the independence of China goes back to the collapse of the Qing Dynasty in 1911. The Qing Dynasty, which had ruled China for over 250 years, was overthrown in a popular uprising led by Sun Yat-sen and other revolutionaries. This marked the end of imperial rule in China and set the stage for the establishment of a republican government.

However, the new republican government was weak and fragmented. During this time China remained divided and dominated by foreign powers. In the 1920s and 1930s, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) emerged as a powerful force. It was seeking to overthrow the ruling Nationalist Party (KMT) and establish a communist government in China.

In 1949, after years of civil war between the CCP and the KMT. The CCP emerged victorious and established the People’s Republic of China. Mao Zedong became the country’s first leader. It was then that the CCP began implementing sweeping social, economic, and political reforms.

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Since then, China has undergone many changes and challenges. These included the Cultural Revolution. There had also been economic reforms under Deng Xiaoping.  Today, China is a global superpower and the world’s most populous country, with a complex political and economic system that continues to evolve.

See also the National Day of Macau as well as the National Day of Hong Kong.

Chinese Public Holidays

Here are some of the major public holidays in China:

  • New Year’s Day (January 1st)
  • Chinese New Year (also known as Spring Festival) –  Starting on the first day of the lunar calendar, usually in late January or early February.
  • Tomb Sweeping Day (also known as Qingming Festival) – This holiday falls on April 4th or 5th;
  • Labor Day (May 1st) – This is a national holiday in China, and many people have a day off from work.
  • Dragon Boat Festival (also known as Duanwu Festival) – This holiday falls on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, usually in June. It is a day for dragon boat races and eating rice dumplings.
  • Mid-Autumn Festival (also known as Moon Festival) – This holiday falls on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month. This is usually in September or October. It is a day for family reunions and eating mooncakes.
  • National Day (October 1st) – The founding of the People’s Republic of China on October 1st, 1949.


In addition to these holidays, there are also some regional or ethnic holidays in China, such as the Tibetan New Year, the Water-Splashing Festival of the Dai people, and the Nadam Festival of the Mongolian people.

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