The National Day of Iran is on the 11 February (Victory of Islamic Revolution). This is also known as the “Day of the Islamic Republic of Iran,” is celebrated annually on 11th February. This holiday commemorates the 1979 Iranian Revolution, which led to the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
National Day of Iran
Firstly the Iranian revolution began in January 1979. This was when Iranians protested against the ruling monarchy of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. This grew in intensity and the shah was forced to flee the country in February of that year. So during that time on the 1st April a national referendum was held. Now Iranians voted overwhelmingly to establish an Islamic Republic.
The new government, led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, was officially established on April 1st, and Khomeini declared Iran an Islamic Republic on April 24th. The National Day of Iran celebrates this historic event and the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Firstly on this day, many Iranians participate in parades and other celebrations, and the holiday is marked by speeches, ceremonies, and other events. It is a national holiday in Iran, and government offices and schools are closed.
See also the National Day of Tunisia as well as the National Day of Kuwait. See also the National Day of Iraq.
Public Holidays in Iran
Firstly the following are the major public holidays in Iran:
- Islamic Republic Day – February 11th
- Norouz (Persian New Year) – March 20th or 21st
- Islamic Republic Day – April 1st
- Imam Ali’s Birthday – April 20th
- Imam Mahdi’s Birthday – May 1st
- Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan) – varies according to the Islamic calendar
- Eid al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice) – varies according to the Islamic calendar
- Martyrdom of Imam Reza – August 8th
- Islamic Revolution Day – November 4th
- Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday – varies according to the Islamic calendar
Finally in addition to these holidays, there are also several other important religious observances. See the Middle East.